Prometheus: Vol 35, No 3 (2017)

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Editorial
By Stuart Macdonald page: 169 - 170 Prometheus: Critical Studies in Innovation Volume 35, Issue 3 SKU: 0810-90281557958
Paper
By Joanne Greenland Homœopathy, once an accepted form of medicine, is currently under attack in Australia, so much so that its very existence is threatened. To illustrate techniques of marginalisation of homœopathy in Australia, the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council’s (NHMRC) report of 2015 is examined. As there is no standard framework or classification of marginalisation techniques, boundary work ideas were used to suggest techniques used in the process of marginalisation. To condemn homœopathy, the NHMRC used at least eight techniques: authority, asserting protection of autonomy, exclusion, double standards, normalisation, denigration, censorship, expansion and diversion. The NHMRC report is a revealing example of how biomedicine uses various tactics to marginalise alternative therapies, thereby maintaining biomedicine’s dominant position. page: 171 - 192 Prometheus: Critical Studies in Innovation Volume 35, Issue 3 SKU: 0810-90281472361
Paper
By Chris Seijger In delta areas, flood protection structures and large-scale land reclamation are preferential water management strategies to cultivate soft delta soils. Over the past decades, river embankments, upstream dams, land reclamation, and groundwater use have intensified, and increasingly contribute to subsidence. In addition, the influence of institutions implementing these strategies has strengthened as they have acquired technical skills, knowledge, and vast financial resources. Sinking deltas are therefore trapped in a dual lock-in as dominating technology and institutions act as constraints to moving into a more long-term sustainable direction. Nine factors for the lock-in are introduced and illustrated for delta regions in Asia, Europe, and the US. To gain a better understanding of what researchers and practitioners can do to address the dual lock-in, a practical case is presented of Gouda, a Dutch subsiding city in search of more sustainable strategies and institutions. The paper ends with three steps to change the configuration of a dual lock-in: (1) getting to know the lock-in; (2) temporarily bypassing it; and (3) constituting a new, more sustainable lock-in. These steps should be further investigated in action-oriented research programmes with local experts, and targeted to policy processes and human behaviour in the sinking deltas. page: 193 - 213 Prometheus: Critical Studies in Innovation Volume 35, Issue 3 SKU: 0810-90281504867
Paper
By Tomas Hellström This study is concerned with how impact from research and innovation (R&I) programmes is accounted for in impact evaluation reports. Establishing causal links between a research funding instrument and different effects, poses well known methodological difficulties. In the light of such challenges, textual accounts about causal links ought to be carefully written. Nevertheless, impact evaluation reports have a tendency towards unwarranted simplification as far as impact inferences are concerned. In this study, we illustrate how such simplifications – versions of the narrative device ellipsis – are accomplished. Using examples from three Swedish impact evaluation reports, we focus on the constituent components of longer impact accounts, that of the impact argument, to analyze the various ways that impact is narratively achieved through simplification. We believe this analysis can contribute to the methodology of impact evaluation, as well as spread light on some the difficulties in the historiography of innovation in general. page: 215 - 230 Prometheus: Critical Studies in Innovation Volume 35, Issue 3 SKU: 0810-90281522829
Book Review
By Kevin Scally page: 231 - 236 Prometheus: Critical Studies in Innovation Volume 35, Issue 3 SKU: 0810-90281518694
Book Review
By Mariska Thalitha Bosschaert page: 237 - 246 Prometheus: Critical Studies in Innovation Volume 35, Issue 3 SKU: 0810-90281522822
Book Review
By Petar Jandrić page: 240 - 241 Prometheus: Critical Studies in Innovation Volume 35, Issue 3 SKU: 0810-90281522824
Book Review
By Mihai Coman page: 241 - 244 Prometheus: Critical Studies in Innovation Volume 35, Issue 3 SKU: 0810-90281522826
Book Review
By Richard Joseph page: 244 - 246 Prometheus: Critical Studies in Innovation Volume 35, Issue 3 SKU: 0810-90281522827